Feb 092013

Shanti Stupa (Peace Stupa from Pokhara, Nepal)

Nepal is the birth place of Lord Buddha, the god of peace. He was born in 563 B.C. Since it is the birth place of Lord Buddha, there are many religious heritages related to Buddhism. Shanti Stupa is one of the important Buddhist monuments of Nepal which was built on 27th Bhadra 2030 and was destroyed on 13th Shrawan 2031 and then again rebuilt on 8th Jestha, 2049. It is the Nepal’s first Shanti Stupa and 71st Shanti Stupa of the world.santi stupa1

World peace Pagoda (Bishwo Shanti Stupa) is a massive Buddhist Stupa, it has an immense role to beautify the Pokhara valley. It is located on top of Anada hill of Pumdi Bhumdi Village Development Committee, the Stupa lies approximately 7 kilometers away from Mahendra pool, and the main market of the valley. This Stupa was designed by Monk Nipponzan Myōhōji organisation and founded by Monk Litokowo. The Stupa is situated at an elevation of 2 thousand and 1 hundred meters above sea level.santi stupa

The Stupa is 115 ft. tall and 344 ft. in its diameter. Besides the Stupa, a Bihar with the idol Buddha and a guest house with 12 rooms are constructed within the premises of the Stupa. A huge idol of lord Buddha made in Japan has been installed at the front part of the Stupa. The western part of the Stupa is equipped with the installation of an idol of Buddha received from Sri Lanka and another idol of 6ft. received from Thailand. And in the southern part of the Stupa, there has been installed an idol made by a Nepali sculpture. The Stupa is surrounded with all these idols of Lord Buddha as souvenirs from different countries of Asia. The Stupa occupies about 21 ropanis of land .One has to ascend 37 steps to reach the bottom part of the Stupa .The upper part of the Stupa is equipped with  “Dharmachakra” and on the top of the Stupa, Gajur (Pinnacle) of golden color has been installed. And furthermore, on the upper part of the Gajur, a crystal stone received from Sri Lanka has been placed. This is considered as a symbol of intellect and grace.

One can visit the Stupa through several ways and directions. After getting off at Chhorepatan, one can climb up the hillside on foot for about 1 hour to reach the Stupa .Those not willing to walk on foot can take a car or a taxi. Cars and taxis can reach there by way of Kalimati of Pumdi Bhumdi VDC. Another way to reach the Stupa is through crossing Fewa Lake by boat and hiking up the hill. Following this direction, it takes about 1 hour on foot.

It has already been stated that the Stupa was the sole product of sincere initiative and a design of a Japanese Bhikshu Nipponzan Myōhōji. His proposal of constructing a Stupa at that very place was highly welcomed by Dharmasila Guruma, a buddhist nun of Dharmashila Buddha Bihar of Nadipur, Pokhara and Meen Bahadur Gurung, an ex-minister. The keen desire of the Japanese Bhikshu could be materialized as the land (i.e.Anaau danda) was granted by Meen Bahadur Gurung.

The Peace Pagoda is unique of its type in the Pokhara valley. The Stupa gives a feeling and message of peace and prosperity. Situated on a hill top of Pokhara valley, the Stupa has an immense value and significance from both tourism and religious point of view. From tourism point of view, one who climbs the hill i.e Anada, can enjoy having a glance at the Himalaya range like Machhapuchhre, Dhaulagiri and Annapurna Himalayas and greenery scene, scenery of Pokhara valley and its surroundings. Anada danda itself is an appropriate picnic spot.

The Stupa itself represents the real norms and value of the philosophy of Lord Buddha. From the religious and tourism point of view, it is, thus, suggested to the institutions concerned to pay their proper attention for the conservation of the Stupa and its surrounding environment. And, moreover, the Stupa is supposed to be highlighted through national and international press and media.

This temple is one of the most important Buddhist monuments of our Nepal which has attracted millions of visitors from abroad and has promoted tourism sector of Nepal and contributed in the economy of our country. Transportation up to the Stupa must or can be made better so as to attract more number of tourists towards the temple.  Just like other cultural monuments of Nepal, its surrounding is not so polluted or degraded. This should be maintained sustainably. Nepal is a cultural country thus; there are many cultural heritages here. Because this temple has attracted so many tourists in Nepal and has contributed in the national income of Nepal, it is a valuable asset of our country. Therefore, it must be preserved.

– Sulochana Bamanu

Glitter Future School

 Posted by at 9:31 am
Feb 072013

noise pollution_educatesansarNoise pollution (or environmental noise) is displeasing human, animal or machine created sound that disrupts the activity or balance of human or animal life. The unwanted sound is called noise. This unwanted sound can damage physiological and psychological health. Noise pollution can cause annoyancnoise_educatesansare and aggression, hypertension high stress levels, tinnitus, hearing loss, sleep disturbances and other harmful effects. Furthermore, stress and hypertension are the leading causes to health problems, whereas tinnitus can lead to forgetfulness, severe depression and at times panic attacks.

Causes of noise pollution

  • Airports and cities: The sounds of airplanes taking off and landing can be a contributing factor. All the sounds of city, including factories, autos, traffic, people and more can result in higher stress levels.
  • The Office: The need to converse space has brought on a virtual community of cubicles that do not block the sounds around us. Things like phones, paper copiers, clicking keyboards, drumming fingers, coughing, conversations and more can be grading on one’s nerves.
  • Home: The peace of home is not like it once was. The need to have multiple media mediums has brought the stress to the home front.
  • The huge sound produced from automobiles, industries and construction equipments.
  • The loud sound produced from radio, TV, music player and other similar musical instruments.
  • Natural disasters like earthquake and volcano eruption.
  • Crowded area, domestic quarrels, political or religious programmes also could lead to noise pollution.

Effects of noise pollution

Among the various effects, the major effects of the noise pollution are as follows:

  • Noise pollution affects our hearing capacity and may even lead to deafness.
  • Noise pollution causes high blood pressure and makes people aggressive on exposure to loud noise for long time.
  • Loud noise dulls our mind and may create mental disturbance.
  • Loud noise causes disturbance in digestive system and make us lazy.
  • Noisy environment creates difficulties in proper sleep which affects our health in different ways.
  • Noise disturbs our concentration in work and study.
  • Noise due to explosions may cause miscarriage and pregnancy disorders.
  • Noise may even lead to stress and strain, heart attack and many other psychological disorders.


Methods to control noise pollution

Noise level is increasing day by day in our surrounding due to unmanaged urbanization, heavy traffic, increasing industrialization etc. which is hazardous to the environmental health. Though noise cannot be totally eliminated, its level can lowered by adopting some effective mechanisms. There are a variety of strategies for mitigating roadway noise including: use of noise barriers, limitation of vehicle speeds, alternation of roadway surface texture, limitation of heavy vehicles, use of traffic controls that smooth vehicles flow to reduce braking and acceleration and tire design. An important factor in applying these strategies is a computer model for roadway noise that is capable of addressing local topography, meteorology, traffic operations and hypothetical mitigation. Costs of building-in mitigation can be modest, provided these solutions are sought in the planning stage of a roadway project.source_educatesansar

Some of the measures to control noise pollution are as follows:

  • Use of silencers in the engines of automobiles which produce more noise.
  • Industries and air ports are to be established far from settlement areas.
  • Afforestation and expansion of green belts helps to absorb unwanted sound contributing to the control of noise pollution.
  • Tree plantation on the road sites, ban on pressure horns etc. help to control noise pollution due to heavy traffic.
  • Construction of walls to check noise, use of sound absorbing materials and use of equipments that produce less sound are effective measures to control noise pollution in construction sites, auditorium, cinema hall, industries etc.
  • Use of ear plugs or ear muffs while working in a noisy environment help to minimize the effects of noise pollution.
  • Loud speakers, radio, televisions etc. should not be operated with high volume.
  • Declaration of horn restricted zones like hospitals, schools etc. also helps to control unwanted noise.
  • Ban on the use of explosives and firecrackers.
  • Strict legislative measures are to be formulated and implemented effectively.
  • Public awareness is to be raised through different mass media.