Helicobacter pylori colonized the stomach of more than half of the world’s population, and the infection continues to play a key role in the pathogenesis of the number of gastro duodenal disease. Campylobacter pylori is the previous name of Helicobacter Pylori, a types of bacterium found in the stomach. Colonization of the gastritis mucosa with helicobacter pylori result in the development of chronic
gastritis in all infected individuals and in a subset of patients, chronic gastritis progress to complications i.e. ulcer disease, gastritis neo-plasias, some distinct extra gastric disorder. However, gastritis has no adverse consequences for most hosts and emerging evidence suggests that Helicobacter Pylori prevalence is inversely related to gastroesophagela reflux disease and allergic disorders. These observations indicate that eradication due to the potentially beneficial effects conferred by gastric inflammation.
Treatment of Helicobacter Pylori
Antacids in liquid or tablet form are the common treatment for mild gastritis. Antacids neutralize stomach acid and provide fast pain relief. When antacids don’t provide enough relief, medications cause as cimetidine, ranitidine, nizatidine of famotidine that helps to reduce the amount of acid in the stomach produce are often prescribed.
An even more effective way to limit stomach acid: pumps within acid-secreting stomach cells. Proton pump inhibitors reduce acid by blocking the action of these small pumps. This class or medication includes omeprazole, Lansoprazole, rabeprazole and esomeprazole. Proton pump inhibitors also appear to inhibit Helicobacter Pylori activity. Cytoprotective agents are
designed to help protect the tissues that line your stomach and small intestine. They include the medications sucralfate and misoprostol. If NSADs are being taken regularly, one of these medications are being taken regularly, one of these medications to protect the stomach may also be taken. Another cytoprotective agent is bismuth subsalicylate. In addition to protecting
the lining of stomach and intestine, bismuth preparations appear to inhibit Helicobacter Pylori activity as well. Several regimens reused to treat Helicobacter Pylori infection. Most use a combination of two antibiotics and a proton pump inhibitor. Sometimes bismuth is also added to the regiment. The antibiotic acids in destroying the bacteria, and the acid blocker or proton pump inhibitor relieves pain and nausea, heals inflammation, may increase the antibiotic’s effectiveness.
Diagnosis of Helicobacter Pylori
Typically, a diagnosis is made based on the patient’s description of his or her symptoms. If a diagnosis is not possible based on these symptoms, however, other methods are used. Tests for blood cell continued Helicobacter Pylori, and pregnancy: and liver, kidney, gall bladder and pancreas function, may be ordered. Urinalysis may be used or a stool sample
taken to look for blood in the stool. X-rays may be ordered as well as ECGS. An endoscopy may be performed, where a flexible probe with a camera on the end is sent into the stomach to check for stomach lining inflammation and mucous erosion. At the time, a stomach biopsy may be taken to test for gastritis and a variety of other conditions.