Feb 272014
 

Adolf Hitler was born on 20 April, 1889 in Braunau am Inn, Austria Hungry to Alois Hitler and Klara Polzl. Only Hitler and his younger sister, Paula could able to survive into adulthood among their parent’s six children. His father Alois was tremendously violent to his wife and son and used to beat them. The regular whipping and violence committed by his father made him extremely sympathetic to his mother

but grew deep aggressiveness and bitterness towards his father. Hitler dropped out of high school without a diploma as a revolt against his father. He did not show any interest on studies rather tried to be a painter.

 Famous as: Political Leader and dictator of Germanyadolf hitler

Born on: 20 April 1889

Born in: Braunau am Inn

Died in: 1945

Nationality: German

Works and achievements: rearmament of Germany, Mein Kampf

Hitler lived in Vienna with financial support from an orphan’s house; his mother died of breast cancer at the age of 47. In Vienna, Hitler struggled as a painter even after being rejected twice by the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna. His anti-Semitism (prejudice against Jews) came from having seen an orthodox Jew community in Vienna, a breeding ground of racial and religious prejudice at that time. Hitler held the Jew community responsible for Germany’s collapse and economic problems thereafter. In 1913, Hitler possessed the final part of his father’s estate and migrated to Munich.

After World War-I, Hitler was appointed as a police spy of an Intelligence Commando to infiltrate the German worker’s Party. Here he met its founder Anton Drexler and got impressed with his anti-Jewish socialism and anti-capitalist ideas; Hitler became a member of the party. He was discharged from the Army in 1920 and became an active party member with his highly effective oratory skills and delivered speeches against Marxists, Jews and anti-socialists. In 1921, Hitler was made the chairman of the National Socialists German Worker’s Party. He was arrested and charged with high treason after his attempt to instigate a coup against the government and start a march on Berlin in 1923.

Hitler was sentenced to five years imprisonment at Landsberg Prison in 1924 but was released from jail after receiving a general amnesty. In the prison, he wrote his autobiography ‘My Struggle’ which is related to his ideology. In 1932, Hitler was granted the citizenship of Germany and made eligible for contesting presidential election against Hindenburg. Even though he was defeated, Hitler emerged as a strong alternative in the German politics. After all, Hindenburg agreed to appoint Hitler as the chancellor of Germany, as it was obviously impossible for him to form a government without Nazi’s support. Thus, in 1993, Hitler was declared as Chancellor of Germany. Having gained legislative and executive power, Hitler proceeded towards establishing the Nazi’s dictatorship in Germany. Though Nazi party had failed to gain majority in parliament, he blocked all attempts of his opponents to come into power through elections. Hitler banned Communist Party of Germany along with Social Democratic party and forced all other parties to dissolve. In 1993, Nazi Party was declared the only legal Party in Germany. After the death of President Hindenburg, Hitler was made the supreme commander of the military. He assumed the ultimate power of the nation; the officers took oath to Hitler’s loyalty.

During Hitler’s rule, Germany witnessed the largest expansion of infrastructure and reached the level of near full employment. One of the major policies of Hitler was racial purification. The policy caused deaths of thousands of physically disabled, mentally retarded and ill people, who-in Hitler’s opinion were unworthy of life and a burden to their nation. The Holocaust was seen as the only way out to eliminate the Jews from their land.

Sino-German economic agreements came to an end and deprived the German of raw materials. Hitler forced Austria into amalgamation with Germany and made a victorious entry into Vienna.

Strong in his will and withstanding all his challenges, Hitler ordered his allies to start preparing plans for the invasion of Czechoslovakia, which thereby increased the tension in Europe. The famous May Crisis 1938 in Europe was a terror caused by the rumors that Czechoslovakia would be attacked during the municipal elections there. This invited a warning from London that a German move against Czechoslovakia could be dangerous. The May Crisis backfired resulting in Hitler’s political defeat and thus making him the prey of his own trap. This was enough to make him understand that expansion without attacking Britain was impossible and attacking Britain was a dangerous game that could hit back and create disaster.

After the fall of Poland to Germany and the end of the so called Phoney War in part of north-western Poland, Hitler instructed the two Gauleiters to Germanize the area. After taking-over of Poland, another major clash surfaced between different factions. Expelling the entire Jewish population of Europe into Africa and reducing the remainder of the Polish population to a leaderless laboring class, Hitler went on making Europe into a danger zone. He went on ordering for step to step bombing raids on England. This famously known Battle of Britain began by striking the Royal Air Force bases and radar stations protecting South-East England. Hitler then ordered the bombing of British cities, including London, Plymouth and Coventry, mostly at night.

In 1941, three million German troops attacked the Soviet Union, there by breaking the non-aggression pact that was signed between Hitler and Stalin two years back in 1939. This attack was part of the dreams of the World Conquest that Hitler had formulated in 1920s. This move came as a hope for Winston Churchill because he wanted the Soviet Union to enter the war on the Allied side. Hitler’s declaration of war against the United States in 1941, put him against a noxious union including the world’s largest empire (the British Empire), the world’s greatest industrial and financial power (the United States), and the world’s largest army (the Soviet Union).

In late 1942, German forces were defeated in the second battle of EI Alamein, which strongly hit Hitler’s plans to seize the Suez Canal and thereby the Middle East. Situation became worse with the progress of the Battle of Stalingrad that ended with a destruction of German 16th Army in February 1943. On 6 June 1944, the Western armies landed in northern France, making it one of the largest victories of European army. It was by this time that defeat became inevitable, leading to the end of Hitler’s rule in Germany.

By late 1944, the Red Army had forced the German troops back into Central Europe and the Western Allies continued to progress into Germany. It was then Hitler realized that Germany was doomed. He ordered complete destruction of Germany’s infrastructure’s before it’s captured by the enemies. In April 1945, the Soviet forces attacked the suburbs of Berlin. Hitler disposed his follower’s advice to take the shelter in the mountains of Bavaria rather decided to die in the capital. On 20 April, Hitler celebrated his 56th birthday in the Fuehrer’s shelter without much anguish.

As days went on, the Red Army intensified its attack on Berlin increasing woes for Hitler and his aides. The violent death of Italian dictator Benito Mussolini on 28 April added further the fuel to fire and suddenly on 30 April 1945, after intense fighting, when Soviet troops were within a block or two of the Reich Chancellery, Hitler committed suicide. He shot himself in the mouth while simultaneously biting into a cyanide capsule. His mistress Eva Braun, whom

He had married a day before also committed suicide along with him. Their bodies were secretly buried by the German troops before the Red Army captured Berlin on 2 May 1945.

 Posted by at 8:55 pm
Feb 272014
 

SLC Model Question Set 6 Social Studies

Attempt all the questions.

Group ‘A’

Write very short answers to the following questions: 8×1=8

1. Write any two advantages that Nepal gets after adopting federalism.

2. Make a slogan against alcohol.

3. How would you change the mind of a person who doesn’t want to cast a vote in an election? Write in a sentence.

4. Latitude is taken as one of the influencing factors for determining climate. Give a suitable reason to support your answer.

5. Nepal is the second richest country in water resources after Brazil. What lesson can it get from Brazil to make the maximum use of it? Write in a sentence.

6. Which index (symbols) are used to denote the following facts in the map?

  • Lake
  • Temple

7. What is Sukhani Massacre in the history of Nepal?

8. What is Molotov plan?

Group ‘B’

Write short answers to the following questions: 14×4=56

9. Study the given map and answer the questions. eastern development region

  • Write the name of the given development region.
  • What are the two major cash crops grown in this development region?
  • Mention any two protected areas.
  • Write its two major prospects.

10. A student describes her development region as follows:

“Every year dozens of people die because of hunger and epidemic disease. There is lack of transportation and communication. This region has the least population density.”

Which development region does she belong to? Write any three solutions to the problems faced by this development region.

11. There is poor development of human resources in Nepal. Write any four ways to promote and develop the human resources.

12. Present the given gender related data in a suitable bar diagram.

Description Male Female
Average life Expectancy 58.03 59.8
Literacy (Above 15 years) 65.08 42.49
Civil Service 87.03 12.7
Teacher 86.03 13.7

13. Identify the given heritage from Nepal. Write a short note on it. mount everest

14. If you get an opportunity to meet the famous Nepali folk singer, what sort of queries will you put to him/her? Enumerate any four of them.

15. What is Chhaupadi? Write its negative impacts on women’s life.

16. To which organization does the given logo belong? Write in short about the important functions of it. sos

17. Prepare a report on “Current situation of the human rights in Nepal.”

18. “There is diverse land topography in North America.” Why?

19. What is Delhi Agreement? Write down the clauses of the Delhi Agreement.

20. In 2011, Nepal had celebrated ‘Nepal Tourism Year 2011’. Was it a successful mission? Write a letter to your friend mentioning your views.

21. What is UNMIN? Was it a successful mission to Nepal? Write in brief.

22. In what ways is the UN helping the poor nations of the world? Explain in short.

Group ‘C’

Write long answers to the following questions:

23. What are our major national concerns? Explain any three of them.

24. Draw a full page map of Nepal and insert the following facts in it.

Mount Saipal, River Sunkoshi, Devghat, the Siddhartha Highway, the Rara National Park, Jiri

Or,

Insert the following facts in the given map of South America

Tropic of Capricorn, Atacama Desert, Falkland, Campos, Lake Titicaca, Bolivian Plateau, Cape horn, Patagonian desert, Pacific ocean.

25. After the end of Second World War, Albert Einstein quoted ‘We won the war but not the peace’. Wars are never fruitful. They always carry the seed of destruction. Draft a dialogue between two friends mentioning four causes and four effects of World War II.

Or,

You must have been to an educational tour or a historical or religious place. Prepare report of your visit under the following subtitles.

  • Place and title
  • Objectives
  • Methodology
  • Findings

26. “Nepal is a fertile land for tourism development.” Write the prospects and challenges of tourism development in Nepal in brief.


 Posted by at 6:49 pm