In the present context, the population growth depends upon the norms, values, belief and attitudes of individuals, community and the nation. It relies upon caste, religion, religious and cultural values.
The social values, beliefs and attitudes are the principle, standard and identity of the society. They are interrelated with social culture. These norms and values have made human beings distinct from other creatures of the world. Human beings are identified as male and female in their roles in the social composition. There are many other characters related to them in the society. Each character has been attributed with particular duties and roles. These social norms and values have given the distinct roles to the different characters. They make the society disciplined and well managed.
Population change is caused due to various factors. These factors especially rely upon biological and social processes. The biological process spans from the conception of the baby to death whereas cultural process is inherent in the decisions made about the birth of the child and its rearing process. Human beings for their own identity and existence have protected social values, belief and attitudes.
We will talk here about the different factors of population growth. Religious factors like early marriage, importance given to male child, acceptance of children as the gift of god would be the topics to be discussed here. Similarly, we will also discuss about the effects of women education and employment on population growth. The theoretical framework for it is given below:
In the given theoretical framework, the indicators of religious belief and child marriage, importance of son and children-the gift of god and the indicators of social values, norms and attitude are compositions of family and women education and employment.