May 242013
 


Sustainable development is necessary for the maintenance of the environment. The purpose of development work is people’s welfare. The target of development work is never achieved effectively if the adverse effects that are produced while carrying on the work, are ignored. The efforts of development are unsuccessful. The importance of sustainable development are described below:

  • Appropriate use of resource: Sustainable development teaches people to make less use of means and resources. The use of mineral oil, drinking water, insecticide, chemical fertilizers, and forest products should be minimized. There is should be no waste of the resources. This will lead to the minimum use of means and resources for maximum benefit. The means and resources should not be wasted. They help to conserve and promote the environment.
  • Sense of Responsibility: Sustainable development brings about changes in people’s knowledge, skill and attitude. It awakens the responsibility to use and preserve the natural resources like mine, forest, land, sea-fish, herb etc. It creates the feeling that natural resources are the common property of all and nobody can use the property according to his personal will. It helps to conserve natural and social environment.
  • Development of Basic Infrastructures: Sustainable development gives importance to the progress of health, education, agriculture, tourism and social reform for the development of human beings. While making progress in these aspects, environmental conservation and promotion should be conducted ahead in an integrated way.
  • Development based on Public Participation: People’s participation is to be given priority in development work in order to achieve the aim of sustainable development. It creates the interest of local people in development work and environment conservation. In this way, sustainable development increases the participation of people of all levels in environment protection and promotion.
  • Determination of the Limit of Development: Limited but effective means and resources are enough for the people to satisfy their basic needs; however, they do more development works due to greed. Limited and non-renewable means and resources go on decreasing in the world due to exceeding utilization. Development works should be done as far as the earth can bear. Sustainable development awares the people involved in the policy-making about the concept of limit of development.
  • Long-term Vision: Sustainable development has presented the goal of economic and social development without destroying the earth’s means and resources. It attempts to create the concept of maintaining the present work for future and conserving the natural resources for the future generation. In fact, sustainable development helps to think of protracted development and makes contributions to environment conservation.
May 142013
 


Industry is run with the use of natural resources like minerals, forest products etc. Agriculture sector also supplies raw materials for industries. In fact, industry, human beings and environment are interrelated with one another.

Importance of Industry

The importance of industry can be described in the following ways:

  • Production and Use of Raw Materials: Raw materials like jute, sugar-cane, cotton, herb etc. required to run industry, come from agriculture. Some raw materials like milk, bones, feather and leather are the things which are received from animals and birds. Industrial development encourages the production of the raw materials. These raw materials can be produced in the country and so don’t need to be imported. Thus money can be saved which can be spent for conducting developmental works.
  • Development of Human Resource: Development of human resource is essential to conduct developmental activities. Different industries need different manpower with particular knowledge, skill and dexterity. This helps the specialists to increase their knowledge and skills. They develop the art of performance. Those who have no skills can be made skilled by imparting them in trainings. Therefore industrial development helps to develop and mobilize human resources.
  • Job opportunity: Industry requires both semi-skilled and skill manpower for its smooth and efficient running. In this way, industry provides employment opportunities to the people. People of different skills get job, increase their income and improve their quality of life.
  • Production of Goods: Industries produce goods like cloth, food materials, hardware, construction tools etc. which fulfill the requirements of the people. Industry makes the country self-dependent and decreases the import. It maintains balance in trade. High quality goods can be exported to other countries. In this way, international trade grows and foreign currency is earned for economic development.
  • Improvement in quality of life: Industrial development can earn foreign currency. There will be employment opportunities in the country. It increases the per capital income (PCI) of the people. There is improvement in people’s food, education, health, housing etc. It also supports the development of the country.
  • Economic Development: Cottage as well as large-scale industries is important in a country. Industrial development cuts down the import and increases the export. Native manpower is utilized. Thus the economic status of the country becomes better and economic development of the country takes place.
  • Mobilization of Private Sector: Not only government but also private sectors should be encouraged for industrial development. It creates competition among the private sectors for the development of industry. As a result, competency and investment of private sectors increase, which leads the country towards the bright path of progress.