|Gastritis is the most common disease in our country, popularly known as ‘gastric’ which merely is term referring to the ‘stomach’. Gastritis is not a single disease, but several different conditions that all have inflammation of the lining of the stomach. The main acute causes are excessive alcohol consumption, prolonged use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS: Non-steroidal|
anti-inflammatory drug) such as aspirin or ibuprofen, or infection with bacteria such as Helicobacter Pylori (H. Pylori). Sometimes gastritis develops after major surgery, traumatic injury, burns, or severe infections. Certain disease, such as pernicious anemia, auto-immune disorder, and chronic bile reflux can cause gastritis as well.
The most of common symptoms are abdominal upset or pain. Other symptoms are belching, abdominal bioating, nausea, and vomiting or a feeling of fullness or of burning in the upper abdomen. Blood in the vomit or black stools may indicate a serious problem requiring immediate medical attention.
Causes and Treatment of Acute Gastritis
Erosive gastritis is gastric mucosal defenses. It does, however, erode the gastric mucosa: low doses of alcohol stimulate acid secretion. NSAIDs inhibit the constitutional cyclooxygenase -1 (COX – 1) enzyme responsible for eicosanoids biosynthesis the stomach, which increases the chance of the formation of peptic ulcers. Also, such as aspirin, reduce a protective substance in the stomach called prostaglandin. These drugs taken used short-term are not typically dangerous. However, regular use can lead to gastritis.
Causes and Treatment of Chronic Gastritis
If the sphincter above the stomach fails to work properly, some stomach acid goes up the oesophagus. This cause very painful “Heartburn” or “gastritis” in the chest as the acid dissolve the esophagus walls. Non-erosive gastritis refers variety of histologic abnormalities that are mainly the result of H. Pylori infection. The immune system makes antibodies and other proteins that fight infection to maintain the body. In someone disorders, the body accidentally targets the stomach as a foreign protein or infection. It makes antibodies against and it severely damages or even destroys the stomach and / or its lining. Bile, normally sent to the small intestine to aid in digestion, will sometimes enter to stomach instead, because the pyloric valve does not work properly or this has been removed during surgery. This leads to chronic gastritis, gastritis may also be caused by other medical conditions, including HIV of AIDS, Chrohn’s disease, some connective tissue disorders or liver or kidney failure.
Metaplasia of Gastritis
Mucous gland metaplasia, the reversible replacement of different cells, occurs in the setting of severe atrophy of the gastric glands (atrophic gastritis), which are progressively replaced by mucous glands. Gastric ulcers may develop: it is unclear if they are the causes or the consequences. Intestinal metaplasia is classified histologically as complete of incomplete. With complete metaplasia, gastric mucosa is completely transformed into small bowel mucosa, both histologically and functionally, with the ability to absorb nutrients and secret peptides. Incomplete metaplasia, the epithelium assumes a histologic appearance closer to that of the large intestine and frequently exhibits dysphasia.
Diet Necessary for Gastritis Patients
Balance diet is very necessary for the patient of gastritis in order to be healthy and get rid of gastritis. Simply you can also consult a dietician or medical help for complete balanced diet for gastritis. The diet may include such types of food stuffs which are easy to digest or digestible foods should be taken.
Following are the some the food stuff that should be included in a gastritis patient’s diet:
- Fresh and green leafy vegetables should be taken regularly.
- Intake of fresh fruits is also very beneficial for the gastritis patients.
- The bread made from wheat is best for the patients.
- Since the patients should be provided digestible foods, they need fat free dairy products or food stuffs.
- Carrot juice is also recommended for the patients.
- Coconut water is the best and excellent drink for gastritis since it provides rest, vitamins and minerals to the body.
- Rice gruel is also the another best remedy for gastritis.
- Potato juice half a cup twice or thrice times a day is also recommended.
- Plenty of water is also recommended for gastritis but we should avoid drinking water during meal.
Diet that should be avoided during Gastritis
Gastritis is the abdominal disease. So, we should avoid some of the food stuffs that are listed below:
- Spicy foodstuffs
- Strong tea or coffee
- Red pepper
- Sour foods
- Avoid going to the bed 2 hours before taking meals