Education is the measuring rod for development of nation. It is the bulwark of the nation and the most important infrastructure of development. The quality of education determines the status of people and whole country. In the context of Nepal, we can find that a very few number of people are educated. But the number of educated people are increasing every year. Many schools, colleges and other educational institutions are being established day by day. But these educational institutions are only being centralized in the urban and developed areas of Nepal. This is the main obstacle behind the slow development of the education system of Nepal. Beside this, there are may other bitter truths about the Nepalese Education System.
Though we have many educational institutions established in the country, these institutions lack the infrastructures that are very much important for providing quality education to the students. This problem is more prevalent in the educational institutions of the rural areas of the country. But we can’t say that such problems can’t be found in the educational institutions of the urban and developed areas of the country. There is lack of many physical, economical and social infrastructures which is hindering the educational system and development of the country.
The first and foremost problem that is affecting the education system of Nepal badly, is the unaffordable cost for providing education. Most of the parents of the students are very much poor in their economic status. They have to work hard to earn their livelihood. They can’t afford money even for their basic necessities. In spite of such a condition also, they are trying to provide education to their children. They send their children to educational institutions but they cannot afford the cost of educating their children for a long time. Due to this, they are forced to make their children deprived of quality education. Thus, we can say that the poor economic condition of the people of Nepal is creating a problem in providing quality education.
Likewise the children of rural areas of Nepal don’t get proper environment, health care, food and nourishment which hampers their mind and concentration power very much. Because of this, the students are not being able to concentrate in their classes and studies. This problem gives rise to another problem. Due to lack of concentration of the students in the classes, it is sure that their studies get hampered badly. With this problem, they have to become the victims of physical as well as mental torture. Since there is the practice of physically punishing the students when they don’t concentrate on their studies, the students have to become the victim of such tortures from the teachers. It is said that such practices can bring the students in the right path, but they may even lead to physical and mental injuries which may destruct the career as well as the life of the students.
In the same way, the next obstacle in providing quality education to the students of Nepal is the lack of proper manpower and the infrastructures. There is lack of efficient manpower (teachers, professors, lecturers etc.) in the educational institutions of Nepal. The teachers don’t have enough academic qualifications due to which they become unable to provide quality education to the students. Similarly, there are less people who are attracted towards this profession since they don’t get enough amount of salary from this profession. Due to these reasons, there is insufficient and ineligible manpower working in the educational institutions of the country. Likewise, the physical infrastructures that are needed for providing quality education to the students are not easily available. The science laboratory, its apparatus, computer labs, playgrounds, drinking water, toilets etc. are unavailable in most of the institutions of the country.
Most of the analysts say that the curriculum of Nepal is also a factor that is creating problem in providing quality education. It is because the curriculum of Nepal doesn’t give more priority to practical education. It just gives importance to mugged out education. There is no provision of providing importance to new and innovative thoughts. Likewise, there is no provision of providing training to the teachers. Due to these reasons also, the education of Nepal is being highly affected.
These are the obstacles that are hampering the education system of the country. But only these are not the problems since there are other innumerable issues that are affecting the education system. There are many other bitter truths behind the educational system of Nepal.